Verbal Reasoning Test
The verbal reasoning test is a form of psychometric and cognitive aptitude test.
Verbal reasoning tests are designed specifically to measure the candidate's understanding and interpretation of written information. Such a test can be of different complexity levels, depending on the position in question.
Generally speaking, graduate and managerial positions require more advanced verbal reasoning skills, such as the ability to comprehend written reports, draw accurate and logical conclusions from various texts, and communicate information to others in a clear and unambiguous manner. These skills are also required for non-managerial roles such as sales and administrative positions.
What Are the Main Components of a Verbal Reasoning Test?
Candidates may come across various types of exercises, for example:
- True/False/Cannot say
- Comprehension-deduction (text comprehension)
- Critical verbal reasoning
- Odd One Out
- English test
- Start practising now
Verbal Reasoning Practice Test
Exclusively, we have created a unique test simulation for general verbal reasoning test (PDF).
- Total practice time: 5h30.
- 334 verbal reasoning questions.
- PDF format to print.
- 123 analogies questions.
- 50 restatements questions.
- 71 sentence completions questions.
- 32 logic questions.
- 11 texts and 58 questions for the reading comprehension exercises.
- For each section, a full introduction with tips with examples and answers is given.
- Secure payment & FAQ.
How Does a Verbal Reasoning Test Work?
Typical Verbal Tests
- "True": The statement logically follows the information provided in the passage.
- "False": The statement does not logically follow the information provided in the passage and thus is incorrect.
- "Impossible to determine" or "Cannot Say": The passage is neither true nor false; further information is needed in order to determine the accuracy of the given statement.
An Example of a cut-e scales Verbal Test
The correct answer is the answer A : 'True'
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
This is a different form of verbal test in which the candidates are asked to choose one answer out of multiple choices provided for each question (MCQ). The questions are usually based on provided statements or passages, comprised of two or three sentences. The candidate's goal is to determine which statement or hypothesis is most appropriate, based on the given statement. Various forms of questions may be utilized; the examinee may need to choose the answer which most accurately summarizes the given situation, answers derived from logical conclusions and at times, the single answer that is incorrect. It is therefore extremely important to read the question thoroughly and understand what exactly is asked of you.
In these type of questions the candidate will be confronted with a text of varying length, content and levels of complexity. Following the text, a number of questions are presented, allowing the examinator to analyse the candidate’s understanding of the text. Some questions may require the candidate to explain certain quotations from the text, whilst others may require the establishment of logical titles for the relevant tests, or to come up with a detailed conclusion to the reality presented.
Examples from SHL
Affirmation 1 : True
Affirmation 2 : False
Affirmation 3 : Cannot Say
Affirmation 4 : True
Analogy questions involve a pair of words present in a statement, followed by four different pairs of words. The exercise's purpose is to determine the logical relationship between the given words, and then choose the answer in which the duo follows the same logic.
In order to arrive at the correct answer in analogy questions, it is necessary to focus on a number of elements. In such questions there are a number of commonly used connections:
Degree of intensity: The second word is equivalent to the first and differs only in intensity; usually taken to the extreme.
Example: love - worship; intolerant - racist
Cause and effect: The second word can be caused by the first or vice versa.
Example: bomb - destruction; ambition - success
Synonyms: Both words have similar meanings.
Example: caution - safety; knife - dagger
Antagonism: The two words have opposite meanings.
Example: prey - predator; pleasant - unpleasant
Item to category: One of the words constitutes a category and the other word acts as a suitable item.
Example: blue - color; dictionary - definition.
Many other types of links exist, including the combination of several types of the links mentioned above.
Tips and Tricks
- It is crucial to pay attention to the order of words! Answers which appear to be of similar logic to the given analogy may be false due to the words being presented in a different order.
- The grammatical form of the words in the pairs is decisive.
- Generally speaking, the easiest way to find the connection between given words is by creating a sentence containing and linking between the two. You must then insert the proposed duo in the same manner and decide if there is a suitable match. It is important to check all possible answers; it is possible that more than one word duo will match the sentence, in which case you will need to create a new sentence with a narrower link between the two words.
Critical Verbal Reasoning
The critical verbal reasoning test constitutes an integral part of cognitive tests, the critical verbal reasoning test being one of the most complicated among them. This mode of reasoning is based on several keywords.
Arguments: According to the Larousse dictionary, an argument is a reasoning; a proof intended to support information. In critical reasoning questions, the argument is of particular structure and is comprised of two parts:
- A premise: a proposal put forward in support of a conclusion.
- A conclusion: a consequence deduced from a reasoning or observation.
Familiarity with the argument's structure and its impact on the text is essential when taking a critical reasoning test. Indeed, the statement will generally present different arguments that the candidate will need to analyse, in order to determine which of the conclusions given as options best corresponds to the question.
Inference: An inference is a conclusion which can be obtained from certain observations or supposed facts. Many of the questions that appear in verbal critical reasoning tests make use of this element. The Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal, published by Pearson, is one of the best known tests of this kind.
In exercises such as these, the candidate is asked to recognize the veracity of a proposed inference. The question will then offer five possible answers:
- True: The inference is definitely true and this statement is based on the proposed facts.
- Probably true: In light of the observed facts, the inference is more likely to be true than false.
- Insufficient data: The proposed facts do not allow for the making of any formal conclusion.
- Probably false: In light of the facts observed, the inference is more likely to be false rather than true.
- False: The inference is definitely false, the facts are misinterpreted or contradicted by the inference.
The syllogism, invented by Aristotle, consists of two propositions (called "premises") from which a third is deduced ("conclusion"), thus linking three statements or arguments. The two premises are often of the following form:
- The major premise, considered to be the most general statement, is the sentence containing the major term.
- The minor premise is the sentence that contains the term for the concluding statement of the syllogism.
The third sentence will contain the conclusion, deduced from the two premises. This consequence may be legitimate or illegitimate; a conclusion is illegitimate when, even though the premises are true, the outcome does not correspond to the statements of the first two exposures.
All pens are pencils.
No pencil is a cap.
If these two statements are true, what is the most logical conclusion?
- All caps are pencils.
- Some caps are pencils.
- if only conclusion I follows
- if only conclusion II follows
- if either conclusion I or II follows
- if neither I nor II follows
- if both conclusions I and II follow
The right answer is D. Indeed, none of the conclusions presented are true.
When you are taking aptitude tests such as the verbal reasoning test, you must always rely on the information presented. The purpose is to test your deductive reasoning, not general knowledge.
The rules of English are the principles that govern the basics of the English language, covering vocabulary, grammar, conjugation and spelling. The questions that appear in the various language verbal ability tests are frequently cited and are not as simple as they may seem at first glance. Indeed, even the greatest admirers of the English language will be put to the test by these type of questions. The questions may take the form of missing-word statements, be presented in multiple spellings, or refer to different times.
According to the dictionary, the meaning of the word 'definition' is: determining the characteristics of a concept, a word, an object, etc; all the essential properties of something.
Example of an Exercise
The definition of the saying "make it up" is:
- Hiding out
- To triumph
The correct answer is answer A: Bluffing
According to the dictionary, the definition of a synonym is: terms that can be substituted for each other in a statement without changing its meaning.
1. Select the synonym of semblance.
The correct answer is answer B: Semblance and image are synonyms.
2. Choose the synonym pair.
- Private and Public
- Intrusive and Invasive
- Mysterious and Unknown
- Common – Unique
The correct answer is answer B: Intrusive and invasive are synonyms.
According to the dictionary, the definition of a paronym is: words of different meaning but of relatively similar form.
collision : collusion
personnel : personal
affect : effect
deprecate : depreciate
According to the dictionary, the definition of an antonym is: a word with a meaning that is contrary to that of another.
hot : cold
holidays : school
snow : ice
According to the dictionary, the definition of homonym is: each of two or more words having the same spelling or pronunciation but different meanings and origins.
- address (to speak to) / address (location)
- air (oxygen) / air (an impression of a quality or manner)
- band (a musical group) / band (a ring)
- bark (the outer layer of trees) / bark (the sound a dog makes)
- current (up to date) / current (flow of water)
Odd One Out
'Odd one out' questions are common in verbal comprehension tests and are not as easy as they seem at first glance. It is therefore important to be aware of the pitfalls that are often present in these types of questions.
1. Find the odd one out in the following series of words:
2. Example from Cubiks Logiks General (Intermediate):
Which of the following is the odd one out:
- Credit Card
The correct answer is the answer D: 'Letter'
Editors of Verbal Reasoning Tests
|Tests Publishers||Assessment Tools|
|SHL||Verify Verbal Ability Test|
|cut-e (Aon)||scales verbal admin|
|cut-e (Aon)||scales verbal consumer|
|cut-e (Aon)||scales verbal finance|
|cut-e (Aon)||scales verbal industry|
|cut-e (Aon)||scales verbal instruct|
|Saville||Swift Analysis Verbal & Numerical|
|Saville||Swift Executive Aptitude|
|Saville||Swift Executive Aptitude|
|Cubiks||Logiks General Intermediate|
|Cubiks||Logiks General Advanced|
|Pearson TalentLens||Core Abilities Assessment|
|Pearson TalentLens||Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal|
|Pearson TalentLens||Differential Aptitude Tests|
|Thomas International||General Intelligence Assessment (GIA)|
|EPSO (Prometric)||Verbal Reasoning Test (AST & AD)|
|Capp||Verbal Reasoning Test|
|Revelian||Verbal Reasoning Test|
|ACER||Verbal Reasoning Test|
|Hogan Assessments||Hogan Judgment|
|Hudson||Verbal Reasoning Ability Test|
|Talent Q (Korn Ferry)||Elements|
|Talent Q (Korn Ferry)||Aspects Ability Checking|
|Criterion Partnership||Utopia Verbal ability|
|Criterion Partnership||B2C Verbal ability|
|Criterion Partnership||CWS Verbal ability|
|Kenexa (IBM)||Verbal Reasoning Test|
|PSI||PPM Verbal Reasoning Test|
|OPC Assessment||Transport Verbal Reasoning Test (TVRT)|
|OPC Assessment||Professional Verbal Reasoning Test (PVRT)|
|OPC Assessment||Core Skills Verbal Test (CoreV)|
|OPC Assessment||Transport Verbal Reasoning Test (TVRT)|
|Tazio||Verbal Reasoning Test|